GST is the biggest tax reform in India, tremendously improving ease of doing business and increasing the taxpayer base in India by bringing in millions of small businesses in India. By abolishing and subsuming multiple taxes into a single system, tax complexities would be reduced while tax base is increased substantially. Under the new GST regime, all entities involved in buying or selling goods or providing services or both are required to register for GST. Entities without GST registration would not be allowed to collect GST from a customer or claim input tax credit of GST paid or could be penalised. Further, registration under GST is mandatory once an entity crosses the minimum threshold turnover of starts a new business that is expected to cross the prescribed turnover.
As per the GST Council, entities in special category states with an annual turnover of Rs.10 lakhs and above would be required to register under GST. All other entities in rest of India would be required to register for GST if annual turnover exceeds Rs.20 lakhs. There are also various other criteria's, that could make an entity liable for obtaining GST registration - irrespective of annual sales turnover. Entities required to register for GST as per regulations must file for GST application within 30 days from the date on which the entity became liable for registration under GST.
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1. PAN Card of the Business or Applicant
GSTIN is linked to the PAN of the business. Hence, PAN is required to obtain GST certificate.
2. Identity and Address Proof of Promoters
Identity proof and address proof documents like PAN, passport, driving license, aadhaar card or voters identity card must be submitted for all the promoters.
3. Digital Signature
Class 2 or class 3 digital signature is required for the authorised signatory to sign and submit the GST application. In case of proprietorship, there is no requirement for digital signature.
4. Address Proof for Place of Business
Documents like rental agreement or sale deed along with copies of electricity bill or latest property tax receipt or municipal khata copy must be submitted for the address mentioned in the GST application.
5. Bank Account Proof
Scanned copy of the first page of bank passbook showing a few transaction and address of the business must be submitted for the bank account mentioned in the registration application.
6. Business Registration Document
Proof of business registration like incorporation certificate or partnership deed or registration certificate must be submitted for all types of registred entities.
An entity liable to be registered under GST should apply for registration under GST within 30 days from the date on which the entity becomes liable to register for GST. Casual taxable persons and non-resident taxable persons are required to be registered under GST, prior to commencing business.
No. An entity operating in multiple states will have to get registered separately for each of the States from where taxable supply of goods or services is made.
Procedure has been provided in the GST portal for migration of existing service tax or VAT or central excise to GST. Entities registered under old tax laws must complete GST migration mandatorily to obtain GST.
Yes. Any entity wishing to claim input tax credit can registered voluntarily, even if not liable to be registered. After registration, voluntarily registered entities will also have to comply with regulations as applicable to a normal taxable person.
No, an unregistered person without GSTIN cannot collect GST from customers or claim input tax credit of GST paid.
After submission of GST application with all the required documents, GSTIN is alloted within 7 working days.
Aggregate turnover is the aggregate value of all taxable supplies, exempt supplies, export of goods or services or both and inter-State supplies of a person having same PAN. Aggregate turnover does not include CGST, SGST, IGST and GST cess.
GST certificate is provided by the Government only in soft-copy format. Once GSTIN is allotted, GST certificate can be downloaded from the GST Portal at anytime by the taxpayer.
GST Registration Eligibility Criteria
GST Return Filing
After obtaining GST registration, the entity will be required to file GST returns periodically. Failure to file GST returns will attract penalty. Entities with an annual turnover of more than Rs.1.5 crores (INR 15 Million) will have to file monthly GST returns. The three returns to be filed by normal taxpayers are GSTR-1 (details of outward supplies) on the 10th of each month, GSTR-2 (details of inward supplies) on the 15th of each month and GSTR-3 (monthly return) on the 25th of each month. The reduce the compliance burden of small businesses with a turnover of less than Rs.1.5 crores, the Government has announced quarterly returns commencing from the quarter starting in October.